The divergent role of spatial access: the changing supply and location of service amenities and service travel distance in Sweden
2013 (English)In: Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, ISSN 0965-8564, Vol. 49, 10-20 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This research explores and adds to the literature concerning the relationship between spatial structure and travel behaviour; specifically, the relationship between local and regional accessibility to service amenities and the distance of service-related trips. The analysis is based on a unique combination of national travel survey data for Sweden and official register data with detailed, geo-referenced information about the Swedish population and the location of service amenities in 1995 and 2005/2006. The results show that spatial access to service amenities increased in general over the study period, both locally (i.e., within ranges of 1 km and 5 km, respectively, of residential areas) and regionally (within 50 km). Despite increased spatial accessibility, the observed average travel distance also increased. We find strong and differing associations between spatial access to service amenities and travel distance, depending on level of scale. While the association was negative on the local scale (i.e., a numerically large supply of amenities was related to shorter travel distance), it was the opposite and positive, on the regional scale. In terms of implications for policy, the results imply that land use planning measures to promote local access, and thereby reduce traffic volumes, may per se be insufficient for attaining more sustainable levels of mobility.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2013. Vol. 49, 10-20 p.
daily mobility, accessibility, travel behaviour, trip length, destination choice, service amenities/activities
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-50709DOI: 10.1016/j.tra.2013.01.001ISI: 000317441400002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-50709DiVA: diva2:467413