umu.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Neonatal overfeeding induced by small litter rearing causes altered glucocorticoid metabolism in rats
Show others and affiliations
2011 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 6, no 11, e25726- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Elevated glucocorticoid (GC) activity may be involved in the development of the metabolic syndrome. Tissue GC exposure is determined by the tissue-specific GC-activating enzyme 11 beta-hydroxysteriod dehydrogenase type 1 (11 beta-HSD1) and the GC-inactivating enzyme 5 alpha-reductase type 1 (5 alpha R1), as well as 5 beta-reductase (5 beta R). Our aim was to study the effects of neonatal overfeeding induced by small litter rearing on the expression of GC-regulating enzymes in adipose tissue and/or liver and on obesity-related metabolic disturbances during development. Male Sprague-Dawley rat pup litters were adjusted to litter sizes of three (small litters, SL) or ten (normal litters, NL) on postnatal day 3 and then given standard chow from postnatal week 3 onward (W3). Small litter rearing induced obesity, hyperinsulinemia, and higher circulating corticosterone in adults. 11 beta-HSD1 expression and enzyme activity in retroperitoneal, but not in epididymal, adipose tissue increased with postnatal time and peaked at W5/W6 in both groups before declining. From W8, 11 beta-HSD1 expression and enzyme activity levels in retroperitoneal fat persisted at significantly higher levels in SL compared to NL rats. Hepatic 11 beta-HSD1 enzyme activity in SL rats was elevated from W3 to W16 compared to NL rats. Hepatic 5 alpha R1 and 5 beta R expression was higher in SL compared to NL rats after weaning until W6, whereupon expression decreased in the SL rats and remained similar to that in NL rats. In conclusion, small litter rearing in rats induced peripheral tissue-specific alterations in 11 beta-HSD1 expression and activity and 5 alpha R1 and 5 beta R expression during puberty, which could contribute to elevated tissue-specific GC exposure and aggravate the development of metabolic dysregulation in adults.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Public Library of Science , 2011. Vol. 6, no 11, e25726- p.
National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-50692DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0025726ISI: 000297198200002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-50692DiVA: diva2:468166
Available from: 2011-12-20 Created: 2011-12-19 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Authority records BETA

Burén, Jonas

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Burén, Jonas
By organisation
Medicine
In the same journal
PLoS ONE
Biological Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 54 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf