OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the response rate, toxicity, progression-free survival, and overall survival in a series of patients with advanced-stage ovarian carcinoma treated with a first-line weekly docetaxel and 3 weekly carboplatin regimen.
METHODS: All eligible patients were treated with intravenous docetaxel (30 mg/m) on days 1, 8, and 15, and carboplatin (area under the curve, 5) on day 1; every 21 days for at least 6 cycles.
RESULTS: One hundred six patients received at least one cycle of primary chemotherapy (median, 6.0; range, 1-9), and they were evaluable for toxicity assessment. Eighty-five patients had evaluable (measurable) disease and received at least 3 courses of chemotherapy and were evaluable for clinical response rate. The overall response rate was 78.8% (95% confidence interval, 70.1%-87.5%), and the biochemical response 92.8% (95% confidence interval, 87.2%-98.4%). The median progression-free survival was 12.0 months and the median overall survival was 35.3 months. Thirty-six patients (34.0%) experienced grades 3 and 4 neutropenia, which resulted in the removal of 3 patients. Six patients (5.7%) experienced grades 3 or 4 thrombocytopenia. No patients experienced grade 3 to grade 4 sensory neuropathy. Epiphora, nail changes, and fatigue were frequently recorded nonhematologic adverse effects.
CONCLUSIONS: The tolerable hematologic toxicity (no need for colony-stimulating factors) and the low rate of neurotoxicity (only grades 1-2) and response rates in line with the standard 3-week paclitaxel-carboplatin regimen for advanced primary ovarian carcinoma after suboptimal cytoreductive surgery make this regimen an interesting alternative in selected patients.
2012. Vol. 22, no 1, 47-53 p.