Coagulation factor IX mediates serotype-specific binding of species A adenoviruses to host cells
2011 (English)In: Journal of Virology, ISSN 0022-538X, E-ISSN 1098-5514, Vol. 85, no 24, 13420-13431 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Human species A adenoviruses (HAdVs) comprise three serotypes: HAdV-12, -18, and -31. These viruses are common pathogens and cause systemic infections that usually involve the airways and/or intestine. In immunocompromised individuals, species A adenoviruses in general, and HAdV-31 in particular, cause life-threatening infections. By combining binding and infection experiments, we demonstrate that coagulation factor IX (FIX) efficiently enhances binding and infection by HAdV-18 and HAdV-31, but not by HAdV-12, in epithelial cells originating from the airways or intestine. This is markedly different from the mechanism for HAdV-5 and other human adenoviruses, which utilize coagulation factor X (FX) for infection of host cells. Surface plasmon resonance experiments revealed that the affinity of the HAdV-31 hexon-FIX interaction is higher than that of the HAdV-5 hexon-FX interaction and that the half-lives of these interactions are profoundly different. Moreover, both HAdV-31-FIX and HAdV-5-FX complexes bind to heparan sulfate-containing glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) on target cells, but binding studies utilizing cells expressing specific GAGs and GAG-cleaving enzymes revealed differences in GAG dependence and specificity between these two complexes. These findings add to our understanding of the intricate infection pathways used by human adenoviruses, and they may contribute to better design of HAdV-based vectors for gene and cancer therapy. Furthermore, the interaction between the HAdV-31 hexon and FIX may also serve as a target for antiviral treatment.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Washington: The American Society For Microbiology , 2011. Vol. 85, no 24, 13420-13431 p.
Microbiology in the medical area
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-50925DOI: 10.1128/JVI.06088-11ISI: 000297642000058OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-50925DiVA: diva2:480967