The phosphotransferase VanU represses expression of four qrr genes antagonizing VanO-mediated quorum-sensing regulation in Vibrio anguillarum
2011 (English)In: Microbiology, ISSN 1350-0872, E-ISSN 1465-2080, Vol. 157, no 12, 3324-3339 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Vibrio anguillarum utilizes quorum sensing to regulate stress responses required for survival in the aquatic environment. Like other Vibrio species, V. anguillarum contains the gene qui, which encodes the ancestral quorum regulatory RNA Owl, and phosphorelay quorum-sensing systems that modulate the expression of small regulatory RNAs (sRNAs) that destabilize mRNA encoding the transcriptional regulator VanT. In this study, three additional Orr sRNAs were identified. All four sRNAs were positively regulated by sigma(54) and the sigma(54)-dependent response regulator Van, and showed a redundant activity. The Orr sRNAs, together with the RNA chaperone Hfq, destabilized vanT mRNA and modulated expression of VanT-regulated genes. Unexpectedly, expression of all four qrr genes peaked at high cell density, and exogenously added N-acylhomoserine lactone molecules induced expression of the qrr genes at low cell density. The phosphotransferase VanU, which phosphorylates and activates VanO, repressed expression of the Orr sRNAs and stabilized van T mRNA. A model is presented proposing that VanU acts as a branch point, aiding cross-regulation between two independent phosphorelay systems that activate or repress expression of the Orr sRNAs, giving flexibility and precision in modulating VanT expression and inducing a quorum-sensing response to stresses found in a constantly changing aquatic environment.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Society for General Microbiology , 2011. Vol. 157, no 12, 3324-3339 p.
2-component signal-transduction; small rna regulators; response regulators; harveyi; phosphorelay; virulence; cholerae; metalloprotease; homolog; system
Microbiology in the medical area
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-51489DOI: 10.1099/mic.0.051011-0ISI: 000298520500009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-51489DiVA: diva2:482078