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The Cutter Incident and the Development of a Swedish Polio Vaccine, 1952-1957
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
2012 (English)In: Dynamis. Acta Hispanica ad Medicinae Scientarumque Historiam Illustrandam, ISSN 0211-9536, Vol. 32, no 2, 311-328 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The creation of two different vaccines to eradicate polio stands out as one of modern science most important accomplishments. The current article examines Swedish polio vaccine research, the vaccination campaign and especially how the Cutter incident came to affect Swedish Science, scientists and society in the 1950s. Sweden is one of the few countries that came to produce its own inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) in the 1950s, a type of vaccine they never abandoned. This article highlights the sometimes conflicting approaches between medical science on one hand and media and public on the other. The Swedish researchers did not agree with Jonas Salk’s methods for producing a safe vaccine and had reserved attitudes when the Salk vaccine was announced, something that Swedish media disapproved of. After the Cutter incident media’s representation of Swedish polio scientists became far more positive. The article also shows the development and distribution of a Swedish IPV and that, contrary to some other countries, Sweden did not doubt all American manufacturers and imported Salk IPV for the first polio vaccination campaign.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 32, no 2, 311-328 p.
Keyword [en]
Polio vaccine, Cutter incident, Sweden, Jonas Salk, Sven Gard
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Research subject
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-51525ISI: 000309097100003OAI: diva2:483643

Part of special issue: Ballester, R., Porras, MI (eds.). Policy, social responses and association movement against poliomyelitis. The European experience (1940-1965). Dynamis. 2012; volume 32,issue 1.

Available from: 2012-01-25 Created: 2012-01-25 Last updated: 2012-11-07Bibliographically approved

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Axelsson, Per
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