Pestivirus and alphaherpesvirus infections in Swedish reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus L.)
2012 (English)In: Veterinary Microbiology, ISSN 0378-1135, E-ISSN 1873-2542, Vol. 156, no 1-2, 64-71 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Herding semi-domesticated reindeer has economic and social value for Sami people in the northern territories of Fennoscandia. However, with the intensification of reindeer husbandry, interspecies transmission of pathogens between reindeer and domestic animals may become a problem, especially for countries such as Sweden, Norway, and Finland where pestivirus and alphaherpesvirus have been eradicated in domestic ruminants. This study, which included 1158 Swedish reindeer, showed relatively high prevalence of antibodies against bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) (32%) and bovine herpesvirus-1 (BoHV-1) (53%). Adult animals were more often seropositive for BVDV and BoHV-1 (50% and 78%, respectively) than were calves (18 and 11%, respectively). While the seroprevalence of alphaherpesvirus was similar in different herding districts, pestivirus seropositivity was highest in the South and diminished towards the North of the Swedish reindeer herding area. High correlation of the seropositivity against both pathogens at both individual and herd levels may indicate possible mutual synergetic effects and may be explained by the immunosuppressive nature of the viruses. While alphaherpesvirus seroprevalence was probably related to putative cervid herpesvirus 2 (CvHV-2), the pestivirus infecting reindeer remains undefined. The virus neutralisation test of reindeer sera using different pestivirus strains, revealed higher titres against Border disease virus strains like 137/4 (BDV-1) and Reindeer-1 (BDV-2) than against BVDV-1. However, the virus was not identified by real time RT-PCR in any of the samples (n=276) from seronegative reindeers. The study showed that pestivirus and alphaherpesvirus infections are endemic in the Swedish reindeer population.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2012. Vol. 156, no 1-2, 64-71 p.
Reindeer, Pestivirus, Alphaherpesvirus, Sweden, Epidemiology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-51984DOI: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2011.10.018PubMedID: 22078277OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-51984DiVA: diva2:491024