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Adenovirus species B interactions with CD46
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Microbiology, Virology.
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Adenoviruses (Ad) are double-stranded (ds) DNA, non-enveloped viruses. There are seven species (A-G) of human Ads with 52 knownserotypes to date. Human Ads cause a broad range of pathologies, ranging from upper respiratory tract infections to persistent urinary tract infections. The main determinant for Ads tropism in vitro is the protruding, antenna-like, fiber protein. The fiberknob is responsible for the main interaction with the attachment receptor of the host cell. Most Ad species use the coxsackie- adenovirus receptor (CAR) as their main attachment receptor. Most species B Ads, however use CD46. CD46 is a cell surface complement regulatory protein, which is expressed on all nucleated cells in humans. Species B Ads exhibit a low seroprevalenc in the human population, making these Ads promising vector candidates for gene therapy. We have studied human Ad species B members, serotypes 7 and 11 (Ad7 and Ad11), as well as their interaction with CD46. Our first experiments showed that all species B Ads use CD46 as their main attachment receptor, with the exception of Ad3 and Ad7. Second, we performed mutational studies of recombinant Ad11p fiberknobs. These studies showed that arginine 279 in the Ad 11 fiberknob is necessary for CD46 binding. Finally we studied the effect of Ad11 binding to CD46. The results indicate that CD46 is rapidly downregulated on the cell surface after Ad11 binding. These results may provide a further understanding of the basic biology and pathology of species B Ads and may also be useful in construction of gene therapy vectors based on species B Ads.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2012. , 84 p.
Series
Umeå University medical dissertations, ISSN 0346-6612 ; 1480
Keyword [en]
Adenovirus 11, CD46
National Category
Microbiology
Research subject
Microbiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-52075ISBN: 978-91-7459-368-6 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-52075DiVA: diva2:495414
Public defence
2012-03-02, Sal E04, Biomedicinhuset, Byggnad 6E, Norrlands universitetssjukhus, Umeå, 20:42 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2012-02-10 Created: 2012-02-08 Last updated: 2012-02-10Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. CD46 is a cellular receptor for all species B adenoviruses except types 3 and 7
Open this publication in new window or tab >>CD46 is a cellular receptor for all species B adenoviruses except types 3 and 7
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2005 (English)In: Journal of Virology, ISSN 0022-538X, E-ISSN 1098-5514, Vol. 79, no 22, 14429-14436 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The 51 human adenovirus serotypes are divided into six species (A to F). Adenovirus serotypes from all species except species B utilize the coxsackie-adenovirus receptor for attachment to host cells in vitro. Species B adenoviruses primarily cause ocular and respiratory tract infections, but certain serotypes are also associated with renal disease. We have previously demonstrated that adenovirus type 11 (species B) uses CD46 (membrane cofactor protein) as a cellular receptor instead of the coxsackie-adenovirus receptor (A. Segerman et al., J. Virol. 77:9183-9191, 2003). In the present study, we found that transfection with human CD46 cDNA rendered poorly permissive Chinese hamster ovary cells more permissive to infection by all species B adenovirus serotypes except adenovirus types 3 and 7. Moreover, rabbit antiserum against human CD46 blocked or efficiently inhibited all species B serotypes except adenovirus types 3 and 7 from infecting human A549 cells. We also sequenced the gene encoding the fiber protein of adenovirus type 50 (species B) and compared it with the corresponding amino acid sequences from selected serotypes, including all other serotypes of species B. From the results obtained, we conclude that CD46 is a major cellular receptor on A549 cells for all species B adenoviruses except types 3 and 7.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Society for Microbiology, 2005
National Category
Microbiology in the medical area
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-20667 (URN)10.1128/JVI.79.22.14429-14436.2005 (DOI)16254377 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2009-03-24 Created: 2009-03-24 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
2. The Arg279Gln [corrected] substitution in the adenovirus type 11p (Ad11p) fiber knob abolishes EDTA-resistant binding to A549 and CHO-CD46 cells, converting the phenotype to that of Ad7p.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Arg279Gln [corrected] substitution in the adenovirus type 11p (Ad11p) fiber knob abolishes EDTA-resistant binding to A549 and CHO-CD46 cells, converting the phenotype to that of Ad7p.
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2006 (English)In: Journal of Virology, ISSN 0022-538X, E-ISSN 1098-5514, Vol. 80, no 4, 1897-905 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The major determinant of adenovirus (Ad) attachment to host cells is the C-terminal knob domain of the trimeric fiber protein. Ad type 11p (Ad11p; species B2) in contrast to Ad7p (species B1) utilizes at least two different cellular attachment receptors, designated sBAR (species B adenovirus receptor) and sB2AR (species B2 adenovirus receptor). CD46 has recently been identified as one of the Ad11p attachment receptors. However, CD46 did not seem to constitute a functional receptor for Ad7p. Although Ad7p shares high knob amino acid identity with Ad11p, Ad7p is deficient in binding to both sB2AR and CD46. To determine what regions of the Ad11p fiber knob are necessary for sB2AR-CD46 interaction, we constructed recombinant fiber knobs (rFK) with Ad11p/Ad7p chimeras and Ad11p sequences having a single amino acid substitution from Ad7p. Binding of the constructs to A549 and CHO-CD46 BC1 isoform-expressing cells was analyzed by flow cytometry. Our results indicate that an Arg279Gln [corrected] substitution is sufficient to convert the Ad11p receptor-interaction phenotype to that of Ad7p and abolish sB2AR and CD46 interaction. Also a Glu279Arg substitution in Ad7p rFKs increases CD46 binding. Thus, the lateral HI loop of the Ad11p fiber knob seems to be the key determinant for Ad11p sB2AR-CD46 interaction. This result is comparable to another non-coxsackie-adenovirus receptor binding Ad (Ad37p), where substitution of one amino acid abolishes virus-cell interaction. In conjunction with previous results, our findings also strongly suggest that sB2AR is equivalent to CD46.

Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-20670 (URN)10.1128/JVI.80.4.1897-1905.2006 (DOI)16439545 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2009-03-24 Created: 2009-03-24 Last updated: 2017-12-13
3. Adenovirus 11p downregulates CD46 early in infection
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Adenovirus 11p downregulates CD46 early in infection
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2010 (English)In: Virology, ISSN 0042-6822, E-ISSN 1096-0341, Vol. 405, no 2, 474-482 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Adenovirus 11 prototype (Ad11p), belonging to species B, uses CD46 as an attachment receptor. CD46, a complement regulatory molecule, is expressed on all human nucleated cells. We show here that Ad11p virions downregulate CD46 on the surface of K562 cells as early as 5min p.i. Specific binding to CD46 by the Ad11p fiber knob was required to mediate downregulation. The complement regulatory factors CD55 and CD59 were also reduced to a significant extent as a consequence of Ad11p binding to K562 cells. In contrast, binding of Ad7p did not result in downregulation of CD46 early in infection. Thus, the presumed interaction between Ad7p and CD46 did not have the same consequences as the Ad11p-CD46 interaction, the latter virus (Ad11p) being a promising gene therapy vector candidate. These findings may lead to a better understanding of the pathogenesis of species B adenovirus infections.

National Category
Microbiology in the medical area
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-35716 (URN)10.1016/j.virol.2010.06.026 (DOI)000281130500023 ()20638094 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2010-09-01 Created: 2010-09-01 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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