Similarities and differences: patterns of reported problems and ICF classification in women and men with back or neck pain seeking physiotherapy treatment
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Objective: The primary aim of this study was to examine similarities and differences in problem areas reported by women and men who seek physiotherapy treatment for back or neck pain. A second aim was to evaluate the appropriateness of ICF classification in relation to gender.
Methods: Principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares of latent structures (PLS) were used to analyse questionnaire data including background data, questions about pain, domestic work, stress, EQ-5D, Neck Disability Index (NDI), Oswestry Disability Questionnaire (ODQ), psychosocial and physical workload, Tampa Scale and Functional Self-Efficacy Scale.
Results: One hundred and eighteen patients (84 women and 34 men) completed the questionnaire. Men and women scored similarly on the NDI, ODQ, Functional Self Efficacy, and Tampa Scale, but women rated higher on stress reactions. PCA showed that questions from the NDI, ODQ and Functional Self-Efficacy Scale explained most of the variance in this patient group. Questions about stress and social support at work constituted the second component. Questions about domestic workload and pain comprised the third component. Gender differences were found in the two last components.
Conclusion: Further investigation of the impact of gender on neck and back pain in different cultures is important.
physiotherapy, back pain, neck pain, ICF, gender, questionnaire, principal component analysis
Medical and Health Sciences Physiotherapy
Research subject Physiotherapy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-52237OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-52237DiVA: diva2:501527