Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in a semiaquatic plant and semipermeable membrane devices exposed to air in Thailand
2003 (English)In: Environmental Science and Technology, ISSN 0013-936X, E-ISSN 1520-5851, Vol. 37, no 1, 47-52 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Semipermeable membrane devices (SPMDs) were deployed at six sites in the Bangkok region, Thailand, to investigate spatial variations in atmospheric concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Sampling sites affected by various levels of traffic intensity were studied. In addition, PAH levels were determined in a common human food plant (water spinach) harvested from canals and ponds in the sampling areas. Significant differences in atmospheric PAH concentrations between sites were found, with 10 times higher PAH levels in the urban areas compared to the rural areas. Increasing concentrations of 1-methylphenanthrene relative to phenanthrene were found in the urban air close to the city center, indicating that traffic probably contributed to the higher PAH concentrations detected. Due to SPMD's passive sampling technique, their long-term operation and high ability to detect spatial differences, they proved to be suitable for semiquantitative field studies of PAHs. The PAH compounds sampled with SPMDs were mainly associated with gaseous PAHs, while both gas phase and particle-bound PAHs were detected in the plant samples. The relative abundance ratios of some PAHs in the plants were not well correlated with the ratios detected in the SPMDs, indicating that gas-phase exposure made low contribution to the PAH concentrations in the plants. However, similarities in the profiles of 3-ring PAHs between the SPMD and plant samples indicate that gas-phase exchange occurs between the atmosphere and the plants.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 37, no 1, 47-52 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-52281PubMedID: 12542289OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-52281DiVA: diva2:503567