Decision Making in Adults With ADHD
2012 (English)In: Journal of Attention Disorders, ISSN 1087-0547, Vol. 16, no 2, 164-173 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objectives: This study examined decision-making competence in ADHD by using multiple decision tasks with varying demands on analytic versus affective processes.
Methods: Adults with ADHD and healthy controls completed two tasks of analytic decision making, as measured by the Adult Decision-Making Competence (A-DMC) battery, and two affective decision tasks (the Balloon Analog Risk Task and the lowa Gambling Task).
Results: Although a majority of the ADHD participants were tested under medication, they showed impairments in both types of task. However, logistic regression analysis showed that the applying-decision-rules task of the A-DMC battery was the only significant predictor of ADHD status.
Conclusions: These findings suggested that ADHD is associated with impaired decision making in tasks involving a significant degree of cognitive control. Although both deliberative and affective neurocognitive systems probably contributed to ADHD-related problems in decision making, the findings underlined the involvement of prefrontally mediated executive functions. (J. of Att. Dis. 2012; 16(2) 164-173)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Thousand oaks, USA: Sage Publications, 2012. Vol. 16, no 2, 164-173 p.
decision making, executive functioning, ADHD
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-52171DOI: 10.1177/1087054709360494ISI: 000299170200009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-52171DiVA: diva2:504014