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Lateral diffusion in equimolar mixtures of natural sphingomyelins with dioleoylphosphatidylcholine
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
2012 (English)In: Magnetic Resonance Imaging, ISSN 0730-725X, E-ISSN 1873-5894, Vol. 30, no 3, 413-421 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Cellular membranes of mammals are composed of a complex assembly of diverse phospholipids. Sphingomyelin (SM) and phosphatidylcholine (PC) are important lipids of eukaryotic cellular membranes and neuronal tissues, and presumably participate in the formation of membrane domains, known as "rafts," through intermolecular interaction and lateral microphase decomposition. In these two-dimensional membrane systems, lateral diffusion of lipids is an essential dynamic factor, which might even be indicative of lipid phase separation process. Here, we used pulsed field gradient nuclear magnetic resonance to study lateral diffusion of lipid components in macroscopically oriented bilayers composed of equimolar mixtures of natural SMs of egg yolk, bovine brain, bovine milk and dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) with dioleoylphosphatidylcholine (DOPC). In addition, differential scanning calorimetry was used as a complementary technique to characterize the phase state of the lipid bilayers. In fully liquid bilayers, the lateral diffusion coefficients in both DOPC/DPPC and DOPC/SM systems exhibit mean values of the pure bilayers. For DOPC/SM bilayer system, this behavior can be explained by a model where most SM molecules form short-lived lateral domains with preferential SM-SM interactions occurring within them. However, for bilayers in the presence of their low-temperature gel phase, lateral diffusion becomes complicated and cannot simply be understood solely by a simple change in the liquid phase decomposition.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2012. Vol. 30, no 3, 413-421 p.
Keyword [en]
Phase transition, Phospholipids, Nuclear magnetic resonance, Biomembrane, Lipid surface area
National Category
Chemical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-52412DOI: 10.1016/j.mri.2011.12.010PubMedID: 22260936OAI: diva2:504558
Available from: 2012-02-21 Created: 2012-02-21 Last updated: 2012-03-26Bibliographically approved

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Gröbner, Gerhard
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