Use of genetically marked minicells as a probe in measurement of predation on bacteria in aquatic environments
1986 (English)In: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, ISSN 0099-2240, E-ISSN 1098-5336, Vol. 52, no 1, 4-8 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Minicells produced by Escherichia coli M2141 were used as probes to measure predation on pelagic bacteria in situ. The minicells, labeled with [35S]methionine in one specific protein, were shown to disappear in the presence of a microflagellate (Ochromonas sp.), as seen by a decrease in the amount of labeled marker protein with time. Incubation in filtered (pore size, 0.2 μm) and autoclaved seawater did not affect the amount of labeled marker protein in the minicell. The generation time of flagellates feeding on minicells was determined to be similar to that found for flagellates grown on seawater bacteria or living E. coli NC3. Data indicate that minicells are seen as true food particles by the flagellates. The minicell probe was used in recapture experiments, in which predation in situ on pelagic bacteria was demonstrated. The rate of bacterial production showed a clear covariation with the rate of predation, both in different sea areas and in depth profiles. The obtained results (11 field experiments) showed that the rate of predation, on average, accounts for the consumption of 62% of the bacteria produced.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Society for Microbiology , 1986. Vol. 52, no 1, 4-8 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-52562ISI: A1986D078300002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-52562DiVA: diva2:506372