Murine chitinases Ym1 and Ym2 are highly expressed in allergen-induced eosinophilic lung inflammation but not in acute neutrophilic airway response
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Background: Mammals are incapable of producing chitin but express despite this, enzymes such as chitinases and chitinase-like proteins that are involved in the regulation of its biosynthesis. There is increasing evidence, in both human and mice, that chitinases and chitinase-like proteins are important mediators of immune responses. Studies show that two chitinase-like proteins, Ym1 and Ym2, are expressed in murine models of allergen-induced lung inflammation. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether Ym1 and Ym2 are specific markers for allergic inflammation or if they were to some extent expressed in other inflammatory settings as well.
Methods: In this study, three different models for airway inflammation using C57BL/6 female mice were utilized. We induced allergic airway inflammation with a 35-day protocol using ovalbumin; chemical airway inflammation by intratracheal exposure of the alkylating nitrogen mustard analogue melphalan; and endotoxin-induced pulmonary inflammation by exposure to aerosolized lipopolysaccharide. Twenty hours after final exposure/challenge, lung tissue and cells in bronchoalveolar lavage were analyzed. Transcription of Ym1 and Ym2 mRNA was determined using real-time reverse-transcription PCR and protein expression was analyzed with 2D gel electrophoresis.
Results and conclusion: We demonstrated that both Ym1 and Ym2 are specifically up-regulated in an allergic airway inflammation but not in LPS-induced or melphalan-induced airway inflammation. Based on our results we consider Ym2 a possible future candidate as a specific marker for allergic airway inflammation.
chitinases, chitinase-like proteins, Ym1, Ym2, inflammation
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject Lung Medicine
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-52716OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-52716DiVA: diva2:506849