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Early self-care rehabilitation of head and neck cancer patients
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2011 (English)In: Acta Oto-Laryngologica, ISSN 0001-6489, Vol. 131, no 5, 552-61 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

CONCLUSIONS: No positive effects of early preventive rehabilitation could be identified. The results do not contradict the proposition that rehabilitation based on self-care can be effective but it is important to establish evidence-based training programs and identify proper instruments for selection of patients and evaluation of intervention.

OBJECTIVES: Patients with head and neck cancer suffer from functional impairments due to intense treatment. In this study, we investigated the effectiveness of an experimental early preventive rehabilitation using hard, objective end points in a nonselective, longitudinal, prospective cohort study.

METHODS: In all, 190 patients were included in the program and received instructions for training before the start of treatment with the aim of reducing swallowing problems and reducing mouth opening and stiffness in the neck. A control group of 184 patients was recruited.

RESULTS: There was no difference in weight loss and 2-year survival between the two groups. No positive effects concerning functional impairments were found in patient-reported outcome measures.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 131, no 5, 552-61 p.
Keyword [en]
quality of life, functional impairment, loss of function, dysphagia, head neck, trismus, neck stiffness, sick leave, speech problem
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URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-52952DOI: 10.3109/00016489.2010.532157PubMedID: 21492066OAI: diva2:508188
Available from: 2012-03-07 Created: 2012-03-07 Last updated: 2012-04-19Bibliographically approved

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