Phenotype of distinct primary sensory afferent subpopulations and caspase-3 expression following axotomy
2011 (English)In: Histochemistry and Cell Biology, ISSN 0948-6143, E-ISSN 1432-119X, Vol. 136, no 1, 71-78 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Specific sensory neuronal subpopulations show contrasting responses to peripheral nerve injury, as shown by the axotomy-induced death of many cutaneous sensory neurons whilst muscular sensory afferents survive an identical insult. We used a novel combination of retrograde neuronal tracing with immunohistochemistry and laser microdissection techniques, in order to describe the neurochemistry of medial gastrocnemius (muscular sensory afferents) and sural (cutaneous sensory afferents) branches of the rat sciatic nerve and relate this to the pro-apoptotic caspase-3 gene expression following nerve transection. Our results demonstrated distinctions in medial gastrocnemius and sural neuron populations with the most striking difference in the respective proportions of isolectin B4 (IB4) staining neurons (3.7 V 32.8%). The mean neuronal area of the medial gastrocnemius (MG) neurons was larger than that of the sural (SUR) neurons (1,070.8 V 646.2 μm²) and each phenotypic group was significantly smaller in sural neurons than in MG neurons. At 1 week post-axotomy, MG neurons markedly downregulated caspase-3, whilst SUR neurons upregulated caspase-3 gene expression; this may be attributable to the differing IB4-positive composition of the subpopulations. These findings provide further clarification in the understanding of two distinct neuronal populations used increasingly in nerve injury models.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 136, no 1, 71-78 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-53243DOI: 10.1007/s00418-011-0829-8PubMedID: 21674244OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-53243DiVA: diva2:510865