Firm-collaboration and environmental adaptation.: the case of the Swedish pulp- and paper industry 1900-1990
2012 (English)In: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 0358-5522, E-ISSN 1750-2837, Vol. 2, no 60, 183-211 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This article addresses the importance of research and development (R&D) collaboration for environmental adaptation in the Swedish pulp and paper industry. It reviews the collaborative efforts initiated during the first half of the twentieth century, and investigates in particular how these efforts were influenced by the advent of modern environmental legislation in the late 1960s. We find that during the early period the underlying motives for environmental R&D collaboration were related to the presence of local resistance to pollution, over time turning into increased requirements from tightening environmental regulation. When the Swedish Environmental Protection Act was implemented in 1969, the long-lasting tradition of collaborative R&D activities facilitated the development and the adaptation of cleaner technologies in the sector. The article concludes that in the case of the Swedish pulp and paper industry, the significant environmental improvements witnessed during the 1960s and onwards can only be fully comprehended by acknowledging the role of the industry-wide collaborative activities in R&D. The positive outcomes of this collaboration were in turn reinforced by an environmental regulation system, which facilitated long-term investments in environmental R&D and, in contrast to their Finnish and American counterparts, encouraged internal process changes in the industry.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 2, no 60, 183-211 p.
pulp and paper industry, firm collaboration, R&D, environmental regulation, environmental technology, Sweden
Economics and Business
Research subject Economic History
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-53410DOI: 10.1080/03585522.2012.693272OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-53410DiVA: diva2:511835