Fingerprints of planktivory: paleolimnological evidence of past fish community structure and dynamics
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Planktivorous fish affect the species composition, size and morphology of their zooplankton prey by size selective predation. Remains of cladocerans are deposited in the lake sediments and this microfossil community hence reflects the historical changes in the planktivore fish community. Most earlier work on quantitatively inferring past planktivory deals with ephippia (resting eggs) of Daphnia, however these remains are very scarce in northern Swedish lakes. In these lakes, often dominated by fish that are not obligate planktivores, such as perch (Perca fluviatilis), the individual size to a large degree determines the type of resource consumed. Therefore, in these lakes, the size distribution as well as the density of the fish community determines the overall planktivoryThis thesis deals with evaluating the use of Bosmina remains in the sediment as indicators of past planktivory. I developed a transfer function based on Bosmina remains to be used in oligotrophic lakes with omnivorous species to reconstruct past planktivory. I test the transfer function in a lake where the history is to a large extent known. Furthermore, in this thesis a novel quantitative measure of planktivore pressure, the PCC (Planktivore Community Capacity) was developed. It was also possible to compare the morphology measurements of carapace length and mucro length of contemporary Bosmina sampled in the lake, with the same measurements on microfossils of Bosmina sedimented during the corresponding time period. By using the resurrection approach this thesis also evaluates the use of Ceriodaphnia clones as indicators of micro-evolutionary responses to past planktivory.From the studies in this thesis I can draw some major conclusions; the morphological measurements carapace length and mucro length of Bosmina can be used to infer past planktivory in northern Swedish lakes. PCC has a higher explanatory power than CPUE in these lakes dominated by omnivorous fish. The morphology of the contemporary Bosmina corresponds well with the remains found in the sediment dating from the same time period. Both the contemporary and microfossil Bosmina changes in body size characteristics was in turn strongly related to PPC. Finally, the hatching of Ceriodaphnia ephippia is promising for studying past planktivory, both because of the high viability of the ephippia and the relationship between eye area and inferred PCC.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2012. , 33 p.
planktivory, foraging efficiency, cladoceran remains, Bosmina, planktivore community capacity, PCC, Ceriodaphnia, reserrection
Research subject Animal Ecology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-53561ISBN: 978-91-7459-395-2OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-53561DiVA: diva2:513513
2012-04-27, KBC-huset, Lilla Hörsalen, KB3A9, Umeå Universitet, Umeå, 13:00 (English)
Kairesalo, Timo, Professor
Reinikainen, Marko, DocentKorsman, Tom, DocentByström, Pär, Universitetslektor
List of papers