Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Types of employment and their associations with work characteristics and health in Swedish women and men
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
2012 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 40, no 2, 183-190 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: To investigate whether type of employment was related to work characteristics and health status at age 42 adjusted for health status at age 30 and whether gender moderates the associations.

Methods: Questionnaire data was used from a 27-year follow-up study of school-leavers carried out in Lulea in the north of Sweden (response rate 94%). The study population consisted of 877 (47.8% women) working respondents. Data were analysed by means of t-tests, ANOVAs, and multiple linear regression analyses.

Results: Men were more often self-employed, while more women had temporary types of employment. Moreover, men reported more control over work and less emotional exhaustion than women. Compared to permanently employed, self-employed (men and women) perceived more control over work and better health status (p<0.01). Self-employed men also reported more demands and social support (p<0.05). People in temporary types of employment, however, reported less job control, as well as lower health status (only men) (p<0.01). Poor self-reported health and emotional exhaustion were significantly (p<0.05) associated with poor work characteristics (more demands, lower job control, and lower support).

Conclusions: No direct associations between type of employment and health were found for women and men. However we find indications of an influence of type of employment on work and thereupon health, with job control playing an important role.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 40, no 2, 183-190 p.
Keyword [en]
Emotional exhaustion, gender, job control, job demands, self-reported health, social support, type of employment
National Category
Environmental Health and Occupational Health
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-53861DOI: 10.1177/1403494811435498ISI: 000301192100011OAI: diva2:514877
Available from: 2012-04-11 Created: 2012-04-04 Last updated: 2012-04-11Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Hammarström, Anne
By organisation
Family Medicine
In the same journal
Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Environmental Health and Occupational Health

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 50 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link