Chemical changes of cellulose pulps in the processing to viscose dope
2012 (English)In: Cellulose Chemistry and Technology, ISSN 0576-9787, Vol. 46, no 9-10, 559-569 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A selection of cellulose pulps was investigated for their chemical changes during the required process steps to viscose dope. The selection of the pulps was based on pulping process, original wood type and intrinsic viscosity. In total, five sulfite pulps and four sulfate pulps were chosen, of which all but one sulfate pulp were of dissolving grades. The physical and chemical properties of the pulps were analyzed as well as important qualitative parameters of the cellulose intermediates during mercerization, pre-aging and in the final viscose dope. Pre-aging curves were reported as a measure of each pulp's reactivity with respect to oxidative degradation, where high hemicellulose content and small pore area and pore diameter were found to hamper cellulose degradation. The correlations in pre-aged pulps of intrinsic viscosity to Mz, Mv and Mw were found to be ambiguous and show the need for a description of total molecular weight distribution of the alkali celluloses to better understand the degradation behavior of each pulp, instead of only intrinsic viscosity. It was also shown that R18 and R10 are insufficient analyses to determine pulp, and to predict viscose quality. Further, many pulps, independently of initial hemicellulose content, reached the same level of hemicellulose content after mercerization. The presence of crystalline hemicelluloses could be a possible cause for this level-off behavior, combined with hemicelluloses resistant to caustic lye treatment. The change of both low-molecular-weight celluloses and PD in the process to viscose dope was investigated due to the importance of these variables on dope spinnability and viscose fiber strength. Caustic resistance of cellulose and hemicelluloses and a more rigid fiber structure in some pulps are suggested to contribute to the different degradation behavior.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 46, no 9-10, 559-569 p.
aging, cellulose pulp, hemicelluloses, long fiber, short fiber, sulfate, sulfite, mercerization, molecular weight, reactivity, viscose
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-54007ISI: 000209015600005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-54007DiVA: diva2:514896