A refined view on the "Green lie'': Forest structure and composition succeeding early twentieth century selective logging in SE Norway
2012 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, ISSN 0282-7581, Vol. 27, no 3, 270-284 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Logging exceeded growth and timber trees were sparse in Norwegian forests in the early 1900s. Still, the forest canopy was lush green and characterised by large tree-crowns. This situation was referred to as the "Green lie'' and was advocated by foresters throughout Scandinavia as an argument in favour of forestry practices based on clear-felling. Here we examine effects of past selective loggings on forest structure and composition in a spruce forest landscape using dendroecology and historical records. Our results show that forests that were selectively logged up to the early 1900s could be structurally heterogeneous with multi-layered canopies, varying degree of openness and continuous presence of old trees across different spatial scales. Because the past forests were not clear-felled, a diverse forest structure in terms of tree species composition and age and diameter distribution was maintained over time, which could enable forest-dwelling species to persist during the early phase following the loggings in the past. This is in sharp contrast to the situation in most modern managed forest landscapes in Scandinavia. A better understanding of the link between loggings in the past- and present-day forest structure and diversity will contribute to rewarding discussions on forestry methods for the future.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 27, no 3, 270-284 p.
Biodiversity, dendroecology, forest history, historical records, selective logging
Ecology Forest Science Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-54349DOI: 10.1080/02827581.2011.628950ISI: 000302151900003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-54349DiVA: diva2:522771