Insulated spine boards for prehospital trauma care in a cold environment
2004 (English)In: International Journal of Disaster Medicine, ISSN 1503-1438, E-ISSN 1651-3037, Vol. 2, no 1-2, 33-37 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine, during field conditions, what impact additional insulation on a spine board would have on thermoregulation.
Method: The study was conducted outdoors, under field conditions in February in the north of Sweden. The subjects, all wearing standardised clothing, were immobilised on uninsulated (n=10) or insulated spine boards (n=9). Tympanic temperature as well as the subjects’ estimated sensation of cold and their estimated level of shivering were measured at five minute intervals during the trial. Statistical analysis of the data gathered for the first 55 minutes was performed.
Results: There were no differences between the two groups regarding reduction in body core temperature or cold discomfort. There was, however, a statistically significant increase in estimated shivering for the subjects placed on uninsulated spine boards.
Conclusion: Additional insulation on a spine board by the means of an insulation mat rendered a significantly reduced need for shivering in a cold environment. This is an effect that could be of great importance during protracted evacuations of injured, ill or otherwise compromised patients. In the light of these results we conclude that spine boards, as well as other materials used for prehospital transportation of patients in cold environments, should be well insulated. This is a measure that could be accomplished by such simple means as using an additional insulation mat.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 2, no 1-2, 33-37 p.
Research subject Surgery
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-54367DOI: 10.1080/15031430410023913OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-54367DiVA: diva2:523459