The association between movement organization and cognitive performance in 4-9-years-old children born prematurely
2011 (English)In: Proceedings for the Motor Control and Human Skills Conference, Curtin University , 2011, 60-60 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
OBJECTIVE: To investigate neurological based functioning in preterm born children in comparison with fullterm born children.
BACKGROUND: Resent follow-up studies of children born prematurely have generally found worse perceptual and cognitive performance at school age in comparison to those fullterm born. Yet, our knowledge is limited in how a preterm birth may effects later movement organization and quality and its relation to cognitive skills.
DESIGN/METHODS: In the first phase of this ongoing, cross-sectional and quasi-longitudinal study, sensory-motor functions have been investigated in 4-9-years-old children born prematurely without any early sign of neuropathology (N= 70, Mean GW=31) and in comparison to age matched fullterm born children (N=78). Kinematic registrations (by ProReflex) during task specific upper-limb movements as well as cognitive functions (by Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, 4th edition) were assessed. Additionally, brain imaging (MRI) data was collected on both preterm and fullterm born children at the age of seven. RESULTS: Preliminary outcomes indicating subtitle, but still overall poorer motor performance generated from the analyses of the kinematic outcome parameters from the upper limbs, and with less clear side preferences, in the preterm born children at the age of 4- and 7-9-years in comparison to fullterm born children. In addition, the kinematic outcomes were associated with poorer cognitive performance in the preterm born children. These results are suggesting that both neuromotor and cognitive functions are less efficient as an effect of a premature birth. The behavioural outcomes are further investigated and associated to the outcomes from the MRI investigations.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings from the first analysis underscores the need for follow-up programs and more refine neuromotor investigations; thus, even in preterm born children without any early sign of or identified neuropathology.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Curtin University , 2011. 60-60 p.
Research subject Psychology; Neurology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-54615OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-54615DiVA: diva2:524462
10th Motor Control and Human Skills Conference, 29 November - 2 December 2011, Mandurah, Australia