Occupational competence among individuals with psychiatric disabilities in rehabilitation to work
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Introduction: Several qualitative studies have described the struggles persons with mental illness face in mastering their occupational challenges when participating in rehabilitation to work. The purpose of this study was to explore the pattern of perceived occupational competence and occupational values among a group of persons with psychiatric disabilities engaged in Individual Placement and Support for rehabilitation to work.
Method: The instrument Occupational Self Assessment (OSA), based on the Model of Human Occupation, was used with 65 men and women, mostly younger than 30 years of age and with a mental illness. The ordinal raw scores from three evaluations (baseline, 12 months, 24 months) were analysed using Rasch measurement.
Findings: In general, it was easier for the participants to value occupational behaviours as important than to perceive them as being well performed. Among the most valued occupational behaviours, Managing my finances, Managing my basic needs and Doing activities I like, we found clinically meaningful significant gaps between competence and value.
Conclusion: Beyond those occupational behaviours valued as most important among the participants, it is also essential to pay attention to the behaviours they perceived as most difficult to perform well, as they can be important competencies for being able to achieve desired occupation.
occupational identity, occupational competence, occupational adaptation, occupational self assessment
Research subject Occupational therapy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-55092OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-55092DiVA: diva2:525476