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Maximal work capacity and performance depends warm-up procedure and environmental but not inspired air temperatures
Winternet, Boden.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Sports Medicine. (Arcum)
Högskolan Dalarna, Falun.
Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Oulu Centre of Expertise for Health and Work Ability Physical Work Capacity team Aapistie.
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2012 (English)In: Journal of Exercise Physiology - Online, ISSN 1097-9751, E-ISSN 1097-9751, Vol. 15, no 1, 40-46 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to compare peak (VO2 peak) and maximal (VO2 max) oxygen uptake, physical performance, and lactate accumulation [la-] in warm versus cold environments. The influence of inhaled air temperature and different warm up modes on these variables as well as arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2%) and pulmonary function were also studied. Two studies were performed. In study A, 10 males performed maximal exercise tests on a bicycle at +20°C and -12°C. In study B, 8 elite cross-country skiers performed maximal cross-country skiing tests at +13.7ºC. Different warm up modes (continuous and intermittent) and different temperatures of the inhaled air (-8°C and +13°C) were used.  In study A, we found significantly higher VO2 peak, peak carbon dioxide (VCO2 peak), peak ventilation (VE peak) and respiratory exchange ratio (RER) in +20°C compared to -12°C. In study B, we found significantly lower SaO2% at the end compared to the beginning of the maximal performance test. Time to exhaustion (Tex) was significantly longer using intermittent warm up irrespectively of inhaled air temperature. In conclusion, we found that VO2 max was affected by different environmental temperatures but not by different temperatures of the inhaled air and that intermittent warm up increased Tex without affecting VO2 max.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Society of Exercise Physiology , 2012. Vol. 15, no 1, 40-46 p.
Keyword [en]
Asthma, arterial desaturation, cold, cross-country skiing, oxygen uptake
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-55472OAI: diva2:527011
Available from: 2012-05-16 Created: 2012-05-16 Last updated: 2016-05-25Bibliographically approved

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Malm, Christer
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