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The neural mechanisms underlying test-enhanced learning: An event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging study
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för integrativ medicinsk biologi (IMB), Fysiologi.
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för integrativ medicinsk biologi (IMB), Fysiologi.
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
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2012 (Engelska)Ingår i: Earli-SIG 22: Neuroscience and Education" 24th-26th May 2012, Institute of Education, London, 2012, s. 9-9Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

Considerable research in cognitive psychology has demonstrated that testing improves the performance on later retention tests, a phenomenon called the testing-effect. However, the neural mechanisms of test-enhanced learning are not well understood. The current study examined changes in functional brain networks in relation to repeated retrieval (i.e. test-enhanced learning).

Participants (n=20) first studied 60 Swahili-Swedish word-pairs. Subsequently, they underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging while being tested on each study item three times.

Successful repeated retrieval was characterized by decreased activity in prefrontal and premotor regions and in the right caudate, compared to items not successfully retrieved at consecutive tests. Successful repeated retrieval was also characterized by increased activity in right middle temporal cortex (BA 37 & 21).

Tentatively, these results imply that the benefits of test-enhanced learning in part is due to decreased need for executive processing along with strengthening of semantic representations.

The current results generate novel information on the effectiveness of testing as a learning method and thus contribute to bridge the current gap between cognitive neuroscience and educational research.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2012. s. 9-9
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykologi
Forskningsämne
psykologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-55728OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-55728DiVA, id: diva2:529081
Konferens
Earli-SIG 22 "Neuroscience and Education" 24-26 May 2012, Jeffrey Hall, Institute of Education, London
Tillgänglig från: 2012-05-29 Skapad: 2012-05-29 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-06-08Bibliografiskt granskad

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Wiklund-Hörnkvist, CarolaKarlsson, LinneaEriksson, JohanJonsson, BertNyberg, Lars

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Wiklund-Hörnkvist, CarolaKarlsson, LinneaEriksson, JohanJonsson, BertNyberg, Lars
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Institutionen för psykologiFysiologi
Psykologi

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