X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy of fast-frozen hematite colloids in aqueous solutions. 4. Coexistence of alkali metal (Na+, K+, Rb+, Cs+) and chloride ions
2012 (English)In: Surface Science, ISSN 0039-6028, E-ISSN 1879-2758, Vol. 606, no 13-14, 1005-1009 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Colloidal suspensions of hematite in contact with aqueous solutions of 50 mM alkali metal chloride electrolytes (NaCl, KCl, RbCl, CsCl) were investigated by cryogenic X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and electrophoretic mobility. Suspension pH values were varied from 2 to 11 in order to evaluate effects of positively- and negatively-charged hematite surfaces. XPS revealed coexisting cations and chloride ions both below and above the point of zero charge. Concentration profiles of adsorbed cations point to a Hofmeister series in the order of Na+ > K+ > Rb+ ≈ Cs+. Binding energies of photoelectrons emitted from electrolyte ions increased with pH at roughly 0.04 eV per pH unit. This shift was attributed to variations in the surface electric potential of hematite. This effect, compounded by rises in aliphatic carbon signals with pH, called for referencing of all spectra to the 530.0 eV oxide component of the hematite O1s spectrum. This departure from the traditional use of the external C 1s 285.0 eV peak is hereby proposed for cryogenic XPS studies of interfacial reactions involving hematite.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2012. Vol. 606, no 13-14, 1005-1009 p.
Hematite, Alkali metals, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Adsorption, Zeta potential, Isoelectric point
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-55803DOI: 10.1016/j.susc.2012.02.018ISI: 000304740600006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-55803DiVA: diva2:530113