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Physical restraint use in institutional care of old people in Sweden in 2000 and 2007
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation.
Karolinska Inst, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Div Nursing, Stockholm, Sweden.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Geriatric Medicine.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
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2012 (English)In: International psychogeriatrics, ISSN 1041-6102, E-ISSN 1741-203X, Vol. 24, no 7, 1144-1152 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Physical restraint use is common in institutional care for old people and mainly used to prevent falls, despite the fall-preventive effect of physical restraints being questioned in previous research. The aim of the study was to investigate the use of physical restraints in Sweden in 2000 and 2007. Methods: Data were collected from two comparable census surveys conducted in all institutional care units for old people in 2000 (n = 3,669) and 2007 (n = 2,914). Information on residents' characteristics and physical restraint use was collected using the Multi-Dimensional Dementia Assessment Scale (MDDAS). Results: In 2000 16.0% (95% confidence interval (CI) 14.8%-17.2%) of the residents were restrained compared to 18.2% (95% CI 16.8%-19.6%) in 2007 (p = 0.017). Adjusting for residents' characteristics showed that residents in 2007 were more likely to be physically restrained, relative to the residents in 2000 (odds ratio (OR) 1.031, 95% CI 1.005-1.058, p = 0.017). In 2007 the residents had been restrained longer, and a higher proportion were restrained for unknown reasons. Conclusions: Physical restraint use is still common. Moreover, the findings of this study suggest a small increase (OR 1.031) in the prevalence of physical restraint use from 2000 to 2007 adjusted for residents' characteristics.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 24, no 7, 1144-1152 p.
Keyword [en]
restraint, physical restraint, dementia, nursing home, geriatric care, BPSD
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URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-56188DOI: 10.1017/S104161021200018XISI: 000304003600014OAI: diva2:532956
Available from: 2012-06-12 Created: 2012-06-12 Last updated: 2012-06-12Bibliographically approved

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Pellfolk, TonyGustafson, YngveKarlsson, StigLövheim, Hugo
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