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Sensitivity of the evaluation of social interaction measures among people with and without neurologic or psychiatric disorders
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Occupational Therapy.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Occupational Therapy. (AMPS Project Int, Ft Collins, CO 80527 USA)
2012 (English)In: American Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 0272-9490, E-ISSN 1943-7676, Vol. 66, no 3, 356-362 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE. To determine whether the Evaluation of Social Interaction (ESI) is sensitive enough to differentiate between people without identified diagnoses and those with neurologic or psychiatric disorders in terms of their observed quality of social interaction. METHOD. Participants were age 16-69 and were without identified diagnoses (n = 304) or had neurologic (n = 77) or psychiatric (n = 104) disorders. They were evaluated using the ESI. RESULTS. Nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis tests and post hoc Mann-Whitney U tests revealed that the group without identified diagnoses had significantly better quality of social interaction than did either group with disabilities (Us = 3,172 and 3,189, respectively; p <= .001). CONCLUSION. The ESI is sensitive with regard to detecting differences in quality of social interaction among groups expected to differ, suggesting that it is valid for use when the desired purpose is to identify people with diminished quality of social interaction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 66, no 3, 356-362 p.
Keyword [en]
interpersonal relations, mental disorders, nervous system diseases, personality assessment, sensitivity and specificity
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-56218DOI: 10.5014/ajot.2012.003582ISI: 000304078400013OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-56218DiVA: diva2:532961
Available from: 2012-06-12 Created: 2012-06-12 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved

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Söndergaard, MetteFisher, Anne G.

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