'Aa - her er ein herlig provins til lande lagt': från emigration till inre kolonisation i 1900-talets Norge och Sverige
2003 (Swedish)In: Heimen, ISSN 0017-9841, Vol. 40, no 2, 105-118 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
"0h! A lovely province is added to the country". From emigration to internal colonisation in 20th century Norway and Sweden
The article discusses the Swedish National Association against Emigration (NAE), established 1907, and its Norwegian counterpart, The Society for the Reduction of Emigration, established 1908 and later known as The New Land Society. These societies arose from nationalistic currents that followed the dissolution of the union between Sweden and Norway in 1905. There had been large scale emigration from both countries for nearly 50 years, and more than every fifth Swede and Norwegian was living abroad. The societies were not only supposed to combat emigration but also, as non-public agencies, to promote "internal colonisation" within their respective national borders. This study points to several similarities as well as differences between the two societies. They were led by individuals with similar political backgrounds, the Swedish publicist Adrian Molin (1880-1942) and the Norwegian politician Johan E. Mellbye (1866-1954), both of whom can be regarded as nationalist right-wing radicals. The boards of directors were dominated by employment interests. The Swedish board also contained a large proportion of politicians from the national assembly and the govern-ment, above all right-wingers and liberals, but also some from the left-wing. Even the business of the societies followed similar lines with "internal colonisation" as their primary goal. By "internal colonisation" the societies meant the establishment of small scale farming and the cultivation of new land within their national borders. The Norwegian society was to a greater degree to engage in the cultivation of new land, while the NAE concentrated its efforts on the estates of mid Sweden. There was great interest in internal colonisation throughout Europe at the time, and both in Noway and in Sweden there were other groups working with colonisation issues. The National Association against Emigration and The Society for the Reduction of Emigration/The New Land Society were however powerful agencies within their respective countries, and the Norwegian society would continue to be so until 1950. With the "internal colonisation" of Prussia as a model, they wished to improve the workers in industry and agriculture, economically, socially and mentally, while at the same time increasing national power. Sweden and Norway were to be expanded within their own borders.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Dragvoll: Landslaget for Lokalhistorie, Oslo Universitetsforlag , 2003. Vol. 40, no 2, 105-118 p.
emigration, colonization, history, Sweden, Norway, 1900s
Emigration, kolonisation, Sverige, Norge, historia, 1900-talet, Nationalföreningen mot emigrationen, Selskapet til emigrationens indskrænkning
Research subject History
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-56591OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-56591DiVA: diva2:536029