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Time-Dependent Deposition of Micro- and Nanofibers in Straight Model Airways
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2012 (English)In: Journal of Fluids Engineering - Trancactions of The ASME, ISSN 0098-2202, Vol. 134, no 5, 051208- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we increase the understanding of the influence of the breathing pattern on the fate of inhaled non-spherical micro and nanoparticles and examine the accuracy of replacing the cyclic flow field with a quasi-steady flow. This is done with new analysis and numerical simulations on straight model airways using a previously developed discrete model for fiber motion. For the conditions studied, maximum deposition is obtained when fibers are released at the start of the inspiratory cycle, and minimum is received at the peak of inhalation. A quasi-steady solution generally provides a relatively good approximation to cyclic flow if an average velocity over one residence time of the particles moving with the mean fluid velocity is used. For a batch type, supply of particles deposition is favored in light activity breathing as compared to heavy breathing and the inclusion of a short pause after the inhalation results in an increased deposition in the terminal bronchiole. During zero-flow over the time of a breathing pause, spherical 10 nm particles experience considerable deposition in the distal airways, whereas only a few percent of larger and/or fibrous nanoparticles were deposited. Hence, size and shape are crucial variables for deposition for no flow conditions. Common for all breathing parameters examined was that minimum deposition was obtained for the spherical 1 mu m-particles and the fibrous 100 nm-particles. The former is expected from studies on spherical particles, and the latter is in agreement with results from a recent publication on steady inspiration.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 134, no 5, 051208- p.
National Category
Respiratory Medicine and Allergy
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-57001DOI: 10.1115/1.4006698ISI: 000304820400008OAI: diva2:538912
Available from: 2012-07-02 Created: 2012-07-02 Last updated: 2012-07-02Bibliographically approved

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Sandström, Thomas
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Pulmonary Medicine
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