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School health promotion to increase empowerment, gender equality and pupil participation: A focus group study of a Swedish elementary school initiative
Department of Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University.
Centre for Educational Sociology, university of Edinburgh.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
2013 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, ISSN 0031-3831, E-ISSN 1470-1170, Vol. 57, no 1, 54-70 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A school health promotion project was carried out in an elementary school in Sweden where active participation, gender equality, and empowerment were leading principles. The objective of the study was to understand challenges and to identify social processes of importance for such a project. Focus group interviews were conducted with 6 single-sex groups (7–12 year olds) in grade 1–2, grade 3–4, and grade 5–6 on 2 occasions. The analysis used a grounded theory approach. The analysis identified the core category “normalization processes of violence and harassment.” It is argued that school health promotion initiatives need to be aware of normalization processes of violence and, which may be counter-productive to the increase of empowerment and participation among all pupils.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2013. Vol. 57, no 1, 54-70 p.
Keyword [en]
gender perspective, empowerment, violence, harassment
National Category
Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-57062DOI: 10.1080/00313831.2011.621972OAI: diva2:539236
Available from: 2012-07-03 Created: 2012-07-03 Last updated: 2013-02-21Bibliographically approved

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