Serious head and neck injury as a predictor of occupant position in fatal rollover crashes
2012 (English)In: Forensic Science International, ISSN 0379-0738, E-ISSN 1872-6283, Vol. 222, no 1-3, 228-233 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Serious head and neck injuries are a common finding in fatalities associated with rollover crashes. In some fatal rollover crashes, particularly when ejection occurs, the determination of which occupant was driving at the time of the crash may be uncertain. In the present investigation, we describe the analysis of rollover crash data from the National Automotive Sampling System-Crashworthiness Data System for the years 1997 through 2007 in which we examined the relationship between a serious head and neck injury in an occupant and a specified degree of roof deformation at theoccupant's seating position. We found 960 occupants who qualified for the analysis, with 142 deaths among the subjects. Using a ranked compositehead and neck injury score (the HNISS) we found a strong relationship between HNISS and the degree of roof crush. As a result of the analysis, we arrived at a predictive model, in which each additional unit increase in HNISS equated to an increased odds of roof crush as follows: for ≥8cm of roof crush compared with <8cm by 4%, for ≥15cm of roof crush compared to <8cm by 6% and for ≥30cm of roof crush compared to <8cm by 11%. We describe two hypothetical scenarios in which the model could be applied to the real world investigation of occupant position in a rollover crash-related fatality.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 222, no 1-3, 228-233 p.
rullover crash, fatality, forensic epidemiology, biomechanics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-57271DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2012.06.003ISI: 000308690600038OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-57271DiVA: diva2:540714