Contribution of charcoal to short-term nutrient dynamics after surface fire in the humus layer of a dwarf bamboo-dominated forest
2012 (English)In: Biology and Fertility of Soils, ISSN 0178-2762, E-ISSN 1432-0789, Vol. 48, no 5, 569-577 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Ecological function of charcoal has been mainly investigated by adding charcoal to soil, which is not fully adequate to understand in situ the role in fire-prone forest ecosystem. To determine in situ effects of charcoal on ecosystem functions, such as nutrient availability, we conducted an experimental burning in a Japanese white birch forest with dense coverage of dwarf bamboo in the understory with or without removal of charcoal. Ammonium-N in the remaining humus layer increased immediately after the burning, but decreased to the level of unburnt plots within 1 month of the burning. Removal of charcoal had no significant effect on the NH4 (+)-N dynamics. Although burning did not affect NO3 (-)-N dynamics during the sampling period, charcoal removal led to a slight increase in NO3 (-)-N. The available P increased immediately after the burning, but then fell at 1 month after burning. Charcoal inhibited the available P depletion and prolonged the high availability of P. Greater availability of P might be due to the adsorption of phosphate in charcoal pores. Exchangeable Ca and Mg increased gradually; charcoal appeared to extend the period of higher concentration of exchangeable Ca and Mg. Charcoal deriving from fire is a key factor in influencing available nutrient in the humus layer of post-fire forests.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 48, no 5, 569-577 p.
Surface fire, Charcoal, P availability, Cool-temperate forest, Field manipulation
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-57344DOI: 10.1007/s00374-011-0657-yISI: 000305518800008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-57344DiVA: diva2:541532