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Do firms learn by exporting or learn to export?: evidence from small and medium-sized enterprises
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Economics. (Growth Analysis, Studentplan 3, 831 40, Östersund, Sweden)
Growth Analysis, Box 574, 101 31, Stockholm, Sweden. (Swedish Business School, Örebro University, 701 82, Örebro, Sweden)
Growth Analysis, Studentplan 3, 831 40, Östersund, Sweden.
2012 (English)In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 39, no 2, 453-472 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Using a matching approach, we compare the productivity trajectories of future export-entrants and matched nonentrants. Future exporters have higher productivity than do nonentrants before entry into international markets, which indicates self-selection into exports. More interestingly, we also observe a productivity increase among export-entrants relative to nonentrants before export entry. This might be explained by higher investments in physical capital prior to export entry. We find no evidence that the productivity gap between export-entrants and nonentrants continues to grow after export entry. Our results suggest that learning to export occurs but that learning by exporting does not. In contrast to previous studies on Swedish manufacturing, we focus particularly on small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 39, no 2, 453-472 p.
Keyword [en]
Productivity, Learning to export, Learning by exporting, Matching
National Category
Business Administration
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-57506DOI: 10.1007/s11187-010-9314-3ISI: 000305806900011OAI: diva2:544778
Available from: 2012-08-16 Created: 2012-08-06 Last updated: 2012-08-20Bibliographically approved

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