Promoting ethanol in the shadow of oil dependence: 100 years of arguments and frictions in Swedish politics
2012 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, Vol. 37, no 5, 621-645 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
On a political level, Swedish transport ethanol has always been embedded in visions of an alternative, brighter future. Arguments in support of ethanol have been reiterated throughout the 20th and 21st century, exhibiting a striking stability over time. At the same time, the contexts in which arguments for ethanol have been raised have undergone dramatic shifts. This article investigates the historical contingencies of three empirical cases, covering the interwar years, the aftermath of the oil crises of the 1970s and the 21st century’s concerns over global warming. It concludes with the observation that despite political convictions about ethanol’s commercial, military and environmental potential, domestic production has not managed to take off on its own. It has relied on state support such as tax exemptions, it has been dependent on other industries for feedstock provision and its technical superiority is still waiting for market confirmation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 37, no 5, 621-645 p.
ethanol, energy policy, controversy, history of biofuels, visions, Sweden
History History of Technology History of Ideas
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-57937DOI: 10.1080/03468755.2012.725677ISI: 000315716200004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-57937DiVA: diva2:545863