A novel approach for the homogenization of cellulose to use micro-amounts for stable isotope analyses
2009 (English)In: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, ISSN 0951-4198, E-ISSN 1097-0231, Vol. 23, no 13, 1934-1940 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Climate reconstructions using stable isotopes from tree-rings are steadily increasing. The investigations concentrate mostly on cellulose due to its high stability. In recent years the available amount of cellulose has steadily decreased, mainly because micro-structures of plant material have had to be analyzed. Today, the amounts of cellulose being studied are frequently in the milligram and often in the microgram range. Consequently, homogeneity problems with regard to the stable isotopes of carbon and oxygen from cellulose have occurred and these have called for new methods in the preparation of cellulose for reliable isotope analyses. Three different methods were tested for preparing isotopically homogenous cellulose, namely mechanical grinding, freezing by liquid nitrogen with subsequent milling and ultrasonic breaking of cellulose fibres. The best precision of isotope data was achieved by freeze-milling and ultrasonic breaking. However, equipment for freeze-milling is expensive and the procedure is labour-intensive. Mechanical grinding resulted in a rather high loss of material and it is also labour-intensive. The use of ultrasound for breaking cellulose fibres proved to be the best method in terms of rapidity of sample throughput, avoidance of sample loss, precision of isotope results, ease of handling, and cost.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 23, no 13, 1934-1940 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-58209DOI: 10.1002/rcm.4105OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-58209DiVA: diva2:547264