Halogen-free ionic liquids and their utilization as cellulose solvents
2012 (English)In: Journal of Molecular Structure, ISSN 0022-2860, E-ISSN 1872-8014, Vol. 1028, 156-163 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This work demonstrates a novel synthesis route to halogen-free ionic liquids. A one-pot synthetic reaction route avoiding the use of toxic and high-energetic alkyl halides was developed to reduce the environmental impact of the synthesis process of ionic liquids. However, the elimination of halogens and alkyl halides in the preparation of ionic liquids is not just an environmental issue: the aforementioned species are also among the most common and persistent contaminants in today’s Ionic Liquids (ILs). Thus, this paper introduces a range of quaternized nitrogen based ionic liquids, including both aromatic and non-aromatic components, all prepared without alkyl halides in any step of the process. Moreover, bio-renewable precursors such as (bio-)alcohols and carboxylic acids were employed as anion sources and alkylation media, thus avoiding halogen contamination or halogen-containing anions. The IL’s prepared were designed to dissolve cellulose, some of which was included in a cellulose dissolution study using a sulphite cellulose from the company Domsjö.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2012. Vol. 1028, 156-163 p.
Cellulose, Ionic liquid, Bio-refinery
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-58469DOI: 10.1016/j.molstruc.2012.06.044OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-58469DiVA: diva2:548377