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Is migration to Sweden associated with increased prevalenceof risk factors for cardiovascular disease?
Endocrine Research Center, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, I.R. Iran.
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2008 (English)In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention & Rehabilitation, ISSN 1741-8267, E-ISSN 1741-8275, Vol. 15, no 1, 78-82 p.Article in journal, Editorial material (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Bakground: The proportion of elderly immigrants in Sweden is increasing. This is an important issue considering that theprevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a global health problem and that CVD is one of the main causes of morbidityamong the elderly. The aim of this study is to analyze whether there is an association between migration status, that isbeing an elderly Iranian immigrant in Sweden, as compared with being an elderly Iranian in Iran, and the prevalence of riskfactors for CVD.Design Population-based cross-sectional study with face-to-face interviews.Participants and setting A total of 176 Iranians in Stockholm and 300 Iranians in Tehran, aged 60–84 years.

Methods: The prevalence of general obesity, abdominal obesity, hypertension, smoking, and diabetes was determined.Unconditional logistic regression analysis was used to calculate odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) foroutcomes.

Results: The age-adjusted risk of hypertension and smoking was higher in Iranian women and men in Sweden. OR forhypertension was 1.9 (95% CI: 1.1–3.2) for women and 3.1 (95% CI: 1.5–6.3) for men and OR for smoking was 6.9 (95% CI:2.2–21.6) for women and 4.7 (95% CI: 2.0–11.0) for men. The higher risk for hypertension and smoking remained significantafter accounting for age, socioeconomic status, and marital status. Abdominal obesity was found in nearly 80% of thewomen in both groups.

Conclusion: The findings show a strong association between migration status and the prevalence of hypertension andsmoking. Major recommendation for public health is increased awareness of CVD risk factors among elderlyimmigrants

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2008. Vol. 15, no 1, 78-82 p.
Keyword [en]
cardiovascular disease, emigration and immigration, Iran, risk factors
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Medicine, cardiovascular disease
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-58511DOI: 10.1097/HJR.0b013e3282f21968OAI: diva2:548692
Available from: 2012-09-03 Created: 2012-08-31 Last updated: 2012-09-03Bibliographically approved

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