Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Heritability of proneness for psychological flow experiences
Karolinska Inst, Dept Neurosci, SE-17177 Stockholm, Sweden.
Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, SE-17177 Stockholm, Sweden.
Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, SE-17177 Stockholm, Sweden.
Claremont Grad Univ, Qual Life Res Ctr, Claremont, CA USA.
Show others and affiliations
2012 (English)In: Personality and Individual Differences, ISSN 0191-8869, E-ISSN 1873-3549, Vol. 53, no 5, 699-704 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Flow is a subjective experience of high but effortless attention, loss of self-awareness, control, and enjoyment that can occur during active performance of challenging tasks. Proneness to experience flow is associated with personality, specifically with low neuroticism and high conscientiousness. We investigated genetic and non-genetic influences on flow proneness in 444 adult twin pairs. Data were collected using an on-line administration of the Swedish Flow Proneness Questionnaire, which includes separate scales for flow proneness in three major domains of life: work, maintenance, and leisure. We found moderate (.29-.35) heritabilities for the flow scales. Twin correlations as well as multivariate modeling suggested non-additive genetic influences. Genetic influences were almost entirely shared for the three flow scales and genetic correlations between the scales were very high (.81-.97), suggesting that the same genes influence flow proneness independently of domain. Non-shared environmental influences, in contrast, were largely specific to each flow scale. We conclude that an individual's general proneness to experience flow is influenced by the same genetic factors regardless of domain, and these may be associated with personality traits that are conducive to flow. In addition, specific environmental factors appear to be of importance for within-individual differences in flow proneness in different domains. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD , 2012. Vol. 53, no 5, 699-704 p.
Keyword [en]
Flow proneness, Heritability, Genetic influences, Personality
National Category
Other Medical Sciences Psychology
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-58900DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2012.05.035ISI: 000307132100030OAI: diva2:550753
Available from: 2012-09-07 Created: 2012-09-06 Last updated: 2016-01-13Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Madison, Guy
By organisation
Department of Psychology
In the same journal
Personality and Individual Differences
Other Medical SciencesPsychology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 53 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link