Multifunctional T cell reactivity with native and glycosylated type II collagen in rheumatoid arthritis
2012 (English)In: Arthritis and Rheumatism, ISSN 0004-3591, E-ISSN 1529-0131, Vol. 64, no 8, 2482-2488 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objective Type II collagen (CII) is a cartilage-specific protein to which a loss of immune tolerance may trigger autoimmune reactions and cause arthritis. The major T cell epitope on CII, amino acids 259273, can be presented by several HLADRB1*04 alleles in its native or posttranslational glycosylated form. The present study was undertaken to functionally explore and compare CII-autoreactive T cells from blood and synovial fluid of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
Methods Peripheral blood was obtained from HLADRB1*04positive RA patients (n = 10) and control subjects (n = 10) and stimulated in vitro with several variants of the CII259273 epitope, i.e., unmodified, glycosylated on Lys-264, glycosylated on Lys-270, or glycosylated on both Lys-264 and Lys-270. Up-regulation of CD154 was used to identify responding T cells. These cells were further characterized by intracellular staining for interleukin-17 (IL-17), interferon-? (IFN?), and IL-2 by flow cytometry. Synovial T cells from RA patients were investigated in parallel.
Results Multifunctional T cell responses toward all examined variants of the CII259273 peptide could be detected in RA patients and, to a lesser extent, also in healthy HLA-matched controls (P < 0.001). In RA patients, a comparison between blood- and joint-derived T cell function revealed a significant increase in levels of the proinflammatory cytokine IFN? in synovial T cells (P = 0.027). Studies of longitudinally obtained samples showed that T cell responses were sustained over the course of disease, and even included epitope spreading.
Conclusion The identification of inflammatory T cell responses to both glycosylated and nonglycosylated variants of the major CII epitope in RA patients suggests that CII autoreactivity in RA may be more common than previously recognized.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2012. Vol. 64, no 8, 2482-2488 p.
Medical and Health Sciences Rheumatology and Autoimmunity
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-58909DOI: 10.1002/art.34459ISI: 000306906500008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-58909DiVA: diva2:550773