Background: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is characterised by unexplained left ventricular hypertrophy. HCM is often hereditary, but the knowledge about the mechanisms leading from mutation to phenotype is incomplete. The transcriptional expression patterns in the myocardium of HCM patients may contribute to the understanding of the mechanisms that drive and stabilize the hypertrophy.
Design and Methods: Cardiac myectomies/biopsies from 8 patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) and 5 controls were studied with whole genome Illumina microarray gene expression (detecting 18 189 mRNA).
Results: When comparing HOCM myocardium to controls, there was significant transcriptional down-regulation of the MYH6, EGR1, APOB and FOS genes, and significant transcriptional up-regulation of the ACE2, JAK2, NPPA (ANP), APOA1 and HDAC5genes.
Conclusion: The transcriptional regulation revealed both pro and anti hypertrophic mechanisms. The pro hypertrophic response was explained by the transcriptional down-regulation of MYH6, indicating that the switch to the fetal gene program is maintained, and the transcriptional up-regulation of JAK2 in JAK-STAT pathway. The anti hypertrophic response was seen as a transcriptional down-regulation of the immediate early genes (IEGs), FOS and EGR1, and a transcriptional up-regulation of ACE2 and HDAC5. This can be interpreted as a transcriptional endogenous protection system in the heart of the HOCM patients, neither growing nor suppressing the already hypertrophic myocardium.
2012. Vol. 2, no 1