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Net surface proton excess of smectites obtained from a combination of potentiometric acid–base, mass and electrolyte titrations
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2012 (English)In: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, ISSN 0927-7757, E-ISSN 1873-4359, Vol. 412, 11-19 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Difficulties in the determination of absolute net proton and hydroxide surface consumption of clays from potentiometric acid–base titration are due to the fact that unlike for oxide minerals curves of relative proton related surface charge densities for several electrolyte concentrations are shifted and do not exhibit a common intersection point. Moreover, the isoelectric point (pHiep) of clays is usually in the acidic region and differs from the point of zero net proton and hydroxide consumption (pHncph). As a simple experimental procedure for clays we propose to perform potentiometric mass titrations in combination with potentiometric electrolyte titrations for the determination of the pHncph at different electrolyte concentration.

Potentiometric acid–base titrations (pH of the suspension monitored as a function of the volume of added acid or base) and mass titrations (pH of the suspension monitored as a function of the mass concentration of added solid) of two pretreated clay samples (SAz-1 and SWy-2) were carried out in sodium chloride media. Due to the pre-treatment samples SAz-1 and SWy-2 contain ≥92 wt.% montmorillonitic smectite. The mass titrations were supplemented by electrolyte titrations (pH of the suspension of high mass concentration measured as a function of electrolyte concentration). The observed decrease in the mass-titration endpoint pH due to additional salt clearly corroborates previous reports that the point of zero net proton and hydroxide consumption of smectites depends on the electrolyte concentration.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2012. Vol. 412, 11-19 p.
Keyword [en]
Mass titration, Montomorillonite, Smectite, Adsorption, Acid–base properties, Surface charge
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-59585DOI: 10.1016/j.colsurfa.2012.06.024OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-59585DiVA: diva2:553195
Available from: 2012-09-18 Created: 2012-09-18 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved

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Sjöberg, Staffan
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CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
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