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Stromelysin-3 is induced in mouse ovarian follicles undergoing hormonally controlled apoptosis, but this metalloproteinase is not required for follicular atresia.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
2001 (English)In: Biology of Reproduction, ISSN 0006-3363, E-ISSN 1529-7268, Vol. 64, no 2, 457-63 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Apoptotic processes are often associated with an intense proteolytic remodeling of the extracellular matrix (ECM). Proteolytic degradation of the ECM can also be a signal that induces apoptosis. Here, we have investigated the expression pattern and functional role of the matrix metalloproteinase stromelysin-3 in follicular atresia. Twenty-four hours after the treatment of immature female mice with a low dose of eCG, both apoptosis and the stromelysin-3 mRNA expression were suppressed approximately threefold. However, the initial suppression of apoptosis and stromelysin-3 expression was followed by a time-dependent increase, and 96 h after eCG treatment, the levels were similar to those of untreated control mice. In 15- to 16-day-old juvenile mice, the ovary consisted of relatively undeveloped follicles, and almost no apoptosis and only low stromelysin-3 mRNA expression were observed. However, at the age of 21 days, when several antral follicles were present, a fivefold induction in both apoptosis and stromelysin-3 mRNA expression was detected. For both models, in situ analysis revealed that the expression of stromelysin-3 mRNA was localized to the granulosa cells of atretic follicles. To address the functional role of stromelysin-3 in follicular atresia, stromelysin-3-deficient mice were studied. However, no difference in the pattern of apoptotic DNA fragmentation and no apparent morphological differences were observed when ovaries from wild-type and stromelysin-3-deficient mice were compared. Taken together, our data indicate that stromelysin-3 is induced during follicular atresia, but that this protease is not obligatory for initiation or completion of the atretic process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 64, no 2, 457-63 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-59651PubMedID: 11159347OAI: diva2:555726
Available from: 2012-09-21 Created: 2012-09-21 Last updated: 2012-09-21

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