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Infant feeding and hospitalization during the first six months of life.
(Department of Pediatrics, Taleghani Medical Center, Shaheed Beheshti Medical University, Tehran.)
2007 (English)In: The Journal of the Pakistan Medical AssociationArticle in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To compare the frequency of hospitalization during the first six months of life between breast-fed and bottle-fed infants.


A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted over twelve months, in hospital-based outpatient clinics. Mother-infant pairs, seen at the clinics during the study period, were enrolled. Infants were between the ages of 6-24 months and had been brought for routine check-ups, vaccinations or common childhood ailments. Subjects were recruited from babies with no congenital anomalies or chronic illnesses. Study team recorded necessary information about feeding practices, previous illnesses and hospitalizations on a structured questionnaire. Hospitalization rates in 3 groups of infants with different feeding methods i.e. predominant breastfeeding, partial breast-feeding, and bottle-feeding were compared. Results were analyzed using SPSS software, ANOVA was used for comparison of means between groups, and a p-value <0.05 was regarded as significant.


A total of 606 mother-infant dyads were enrolled, of which 73% infants were on predominant breastfeeding at 6 months of age. The rate of all-cause hospitalization before six months of age was: 6.3%, 22.2% and 27.2% in infants with predominant breast-feeding, partial breast-feeding and bottle-feeding, respectively, (p < 0.001). Figures for admission due to infectious cause were 6%, 17.6% and 25.6%, respectively, (p < 0.001). Adjusted Odds ratio between bottle-fed and breast-fed babies was 5.3 for all-cause hospitalization, and 6.1 for hospitalization due to infectious illnesses.


Our findings show that protective effect of breast-feeding is not limited to developing countries; it extends to young infants living in urbanized environments equipped with adequate sanitation and clean water supply.

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URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-59819OAI: diva2:556868
Available from: 2012-09-26 Created: 2012-09-26

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Padyab, Mojgan

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