Gonadotropin regulation of tissue-type and urokinase-type plasminogen activators in rat granulosa and theca-interstitial cells during the periovulatory period.
1987 (English)In: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology, ISSN 0303-7207, E-ISSN 1872-8057, Vol. 54, no 2-3, 221-9 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Plasminogen activators (PAs) are believed to be involved in ovulation. Because both tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) and urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) are secreted by cultured rat granulosa cells, we have examined the activities of these proteins in ovarian homogenates as well as granulosa and theca-interstitial (TI) cells during gonadotropin-induced ovulation. Immature rats were injected with 20 IU pregnant mare serum gonadotropin (PMSG) to initiate follicle development, followed by treatment with 10 IU hCG 48 h later to induce ovulation. Ovarian proteins were separated by SDS-PAGE and PA activity determined by fibrin overlay. The activity of tPA, but not uPA, was stimulated following PMSG treatment in ovarian homogenates. Subsequent hCG injection further increased the tPA activity in a time-dependent manner, reaching a maximum (12 h after hCG treatment) immediately prior to ovulation and declined thereafter. Similar preovulatory increases in tPA activity were detected in isolated granulosa cells. Although both tPA and uPA activities were increased in TI cells after PMSG administration, no further increases were detected after hCG treatment. To estimate enzyme secretion, ovarian cells obtained at various preovulatory periods were incubated for 24 h in vitro. The ability of granulosa cells to secrete tPA, but not uPA, increased following in vivo PMSG and hCG treatment in a time-dependent manner, reaching a maximum immediately prior to ovulation. During the preovulatory period, an abrupt increase in tPA secretion by TI cells was also detected. Using immunohistochemical staining for tPA, it was found that ovarian sections from preovulatory rats at 12 h after hCG injection stained positively in granulosa, theca interna, and interstitial gland cells.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1987. Vol. 54, no 2-3, 221-9 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-59878PubMedID: 3121412OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-59878DiVA: diva2:556976