Tissue-type plasminogen activator in rat oocytes: expression during the periovulatory period, after fertilization, and during follicular atresia.
1989 (English)In: Endocrinology, ISSN 0013-7227, E-ISSN 1945-7170, Vol. 124, no 1, 187-94 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The regulation of tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) in rat oocytes during the periovulatory period, in early embryos, and in oocytes during induced follicular atresia was studied using a quantitative chromogenic substrate assay. Oocytes and early embryos were collected from three ovulation models: 1) intact immature female rats treated with PMSG, followed by hCG 48 h later; 2) hypophysectomized immature rats treated with PMSG, followed by a GnRH agonist (GnRHa) 56 h later; and 3) adult cyclic rats on the mornings of proestrus and estrus and up to 5 days after fertilization. In addition, follicular atresia was induced by either withdrawal of diethylstilbestrol (DES) for 2 days or injection of GnRHa for 2 days in hypophysectomized DES-implanted immature rats. Treatment with PMSG alone did not increase oocyte tPA content (5-20 microIU/oocyte) in either immature rat model, but treatment with either hCG or GnRHa induced meiotic maturation and ovulation and increased tPA activity to 80 and 140 microIU/oocyte 24 h after hCG and GnRHa treatment, respectively. Northern blot analysis of total RNA extracted from oocytes of PMSG-treated rats indicated the presence of a specific tPA message at 22S. tPA levels were low in preovulatory oocytes obtained on proestrus morning and increased in ovulated oocytes on estrus morning. After fertilization, tPA levels remained high in the embryos on days 1-4 of pregnancy, but dropped dramatically on day 5. Furthermore, oocytes from atretic follicles of hypophysectomized DES-implanted rats after either DES withdrawal or GnRHa treatment contained elevated levels of tPA, coincident with germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD). Immunohistochemical staining revealed tPA antigen only in those oocytes that had undergone apparent meiotic maturation, as confirmed by GVBD. Thus, oocytes contain tPA mRNA and synthesize the active protease under a variety of stimuli which result in GVBD. The observed periovulatory increase in oocyte tPA activity, its maintenance until day 5 of pregnancy, and expression of tPA in nonovulatory oocytes of atretic follicles suggest diverse functions for the oocyte and embryo tPA.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1989. Vol. 124, no 1, 187-94 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-59887PubMedID: 2462486OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-59887DiVA: diva2:556988