Fluorescence studies on plasminogen activator inhibitor 1: reactive centre cysteine mutants remain active after fluorophore attachment.
1994 (English)In: Thrombosis Research, ISSN 0049-3848, E-ISSN 1879-2472, Vol. 76, no 3, 253-67 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
To investigate structural-functional aspects of plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) we have taken advantage of the lack of cysteines in the PAI-1 molecule and replaced Ser344 (P3) and Asn329 (P18) with cysteine residues, thereby creating unique attachment sites for extrinsic fluorescent probes. After expression in E. coli and purification to homogeneity, both of the mutant proteins were found to have similar biochemical characteristics as wild type PAI-1 (wtPAI-1). Following labelling with 4-chloro-7-nitrobenzofurazan (NBD) and 2-(4'-iodoacetamido-anilino)naphtalene-6-sulfonic acid (IAANS) the mutant inhibitors showed similar inhibitory activities and heat stability as wtPAI-1. The purified complex between uPA and NBD-labelled P3cys mutant was found to be extremely stable, suggesting that no slow cleavage or reversible reaction occurs in complexes that have been properly formed. The rate of labelling of both mutants was decreased when the mutants were in the latent form indicating that these cysteine residues may be less accessible in the latent configuration. The PAI-1 mutants labelled with both NBD and IAANS could convert from the active to the latent form, but P3cys labelled with the larger IAANS chromophore showed a two fold decrease in the rate of conversion to latency, suggesting that a large chromophore in the P3 position may interfere with the active to latent conversion. The fluorescence spectra of the two NBD labelled mutants were similar, but the intensity was three times higher for the P3cys mutant than for P18cys. No significant spectral changes could be seen when the P3cys mutant was transferred to latency. In contrast, the P18cys mutant showed a major change in the excitation spectra characteristic of migration of the NBD chromophore from a thiol to an amine. Complex formation with uPA had no effect on the fluorescence spectrum of P18cys-NBD while the spectrum of P3cys-NBD revealed changes consistent with a restriction of the mobility of NBD probe in the uPA-PAI-1 complex.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1994. Vol. 76, no 3, 253-67 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-59913PubMedID: 7863476OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-59913DiVA: diva2:557016