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The species-specific differences in the cAMP regulation of the tissue-type plasminogen activator gene between rat, mouse and human is caused by a one-nucleotide substitution in the cAMP-responsive element of the promoters.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
1995 (English)In: European Journal of Biochemistry, ISSN 0014-2956, E-ISSN 1432-1033, Vol. 231, no 2, 466-74 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In rat ovarian cells tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) is induced by gonadotropins, by a cAMP-dependent pathway and the induction correlates with the time of follicle rupture in vivo. However, in mice, gonadotropins induce the related but distinct protease urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA). Comparison of rat, mouse and human tPA genes reveal that there is a species-specific difference in the promoter that could explain the difference in regulation of the tPA gene between these species. At the position where the rat promoter contains a consensus cAMP-responsive element (CRE), the mouse and human counterparts contains a CRE variant with a one-nucleotide substitution. Transient transfection experiments of rat glial and granulosa cells demonstrated that reporter constructs driven by rat but not mouse or human tPA promoters were efficiently induced by the cAMP-inducing agents forskolin or follicle-stimulating hormone. Following the conversion of the mouse and human CRE-like sequences to rat consensus CRE these promoters became cAMP responsive. In contrast the rat promoter, following conversion of the consensus CRE to the corresponding mouse and human CRE-like sequence, lost the ability to efficiently respond to cAMP. Deoxyribonuclease I footprinting analysis and electrophoretic mobility shift assays were used to examine interactions of nuclear factors with the consensus and variant CRE. Compared to rat CRE, the mouse and human CRE-like sequences had a drastically reduced binding affinity for a nuclear factor identified as the cAMP-responsive element binding protein. Thus the inability of the mouse and human tPA promoters to respond efficiently to forskolin and follicle-stimulation hormone seem to be due to the inability of these CRE-like sequences to efficiently bind transcription factor CRE binding protein.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1995. Vol. 231, no 2, 466-74 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-59915PubMedID: 7543410OAI: diva2:557018
Available from: 2012-09-26 Created: 2012-09-26 Last updated: 2012-09-26

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