Socio-economic determinants of divorce in Sweden 1960-1965
2014 (English)In: Social science history, ISSN 0145-5532, E-ISSN 1527-8034, Vol. 38, no 2, 127-153 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
During the 1960s in Sweden, socio-economic differentials decreased sharply at the same time as the labor force participation of married women and aggregate divorce rates increased more rapidly than during any other period of the twentieth century. The aim of this paper is to investigate how the socio-economic composition of the couple influenced the probability of divorce during this period of rapid restructuring. The study uses a large dataset covering the entire married population of Sweden in 1960 and applies a binary model whereby the couples are analyzed as units rather than separate individuals to model divorce during the period 1960-1965. The main results show that the equalization process between genders and social classes during this period contributed to the decrease in marital stability. Dual-provider families exhibit substantially higher probabilities of divorce as compared to traditional single-provider families. We also find that the socio-economic gradient of divorce had become negative by the early 1960s and that couples with low socio-economic status contributed more to the increase in divorce than did couples in the higher strata. A difference between the results reached in this study and those from divorce research covering later decades is that children do not reduce the probability of divorce when the wife's labor force participation is controlled for. The results indicate that the determinants of divorce have varied across different phases of the divorce transition during the twentieth century and that a historical perspective is necessary if we are to understand the long-term process that has produced current marital behavior.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2014. Vol. 38, no 2, 127-153 p.
Divorce, Sweden, 1960s, Socio-economic determinants, Female labor force participation, Socio-economic growth
History Social and Economic Geography
Research subject History; Sociology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-60211DOI: 10.1017/ssh.2015.13ISI: 000356145000011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-60211DiVA: diva2:558793